Permanent Residence Status

A permanent resident is someone who has been given permanent resident status by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), but is not a Canadian citizen. Permanent residents are citizens of other countries. A person in Canada temporarily, like a student or foreign worker, is not a permanent resident. Refugees who are resettled from overseas become permanent residents through the Government-Assisted Refugee Program or the Private Sponsorship of Refugees Program. Someone who makes a refugee claim in Canada does not become a permanent resident at that time. To become one, the Immigration and Refugee Board must first approve their claim. Then, they must apply for and be granted permanent resident status.

More Information

If you travel outside Canada, the PR card is your proof that you are a permanent resident of Canada. If you leave Canada, you will need this card to re-enter the country on a commercial vehicle, like an airplane, boat, train or bus.
Canadian permanent residents need to show their permanent resident card when travelling to Canada in order to prove their permanent resident status.
Permanent residents who do not have a PR card, or who are not carrying their PR card when travelling outside the country, will need to obtain a permanent resident travel document before returning to Canada by air mode in order to comply with eTA requirements. If your PR card expires, it does not mean you have lost permanent resident status. For more information and assistance with renewing your PR card, or applying for a travel document to return to Canada, please call our office or email us directly to book an appointment.


The permanent resident's rights and duties

As a permanent resident, you have the right to:
• get most social benefits that Canadian citizens receive, including health care coverage,
• live, work or study anywhere in Canada,
• apply for Canadian citizenship,
• protection under Canadian law and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms,

You must pay taxes and respect all Canadian laws at the federal, provincial and municipal levels. You are not allowed to:
• vote or run for political office,
• hold some jobs that need a high-level security clearance.

When you are a permanent resident, you can live outside of Canada, but must live in Canada for at least two years in a five-year period. If you live outside of Canada for longer, you may lose your permanent resident status.


Others

You may be eligible to sponsor your significant other if they fall under one of the three categories of spouse and partner sponsorships.
1. Spouse
2. Common-law partner
3. Conjugal partner
A Canadian citizen or permanent resident who is at least 18 years old can sponsor the above categories. It is important to understand which category you fall under before we begin the application process. Both the sponsor and the applicant must meet certain requirements under the law in order to be eligible. The immigration officer’s will need to ensure that all requirements have been met by examining the forms and supporting documents. For more information and assistance with bringing your significant other to Canada and obtaining permanent residence, please call our office or email us directly to book an appointment.

If you are a Canadian citizen or permanent resident you may be eligible to sponsor your parents or grandparents to Canada, which will allow them to obtain their permanent residency status.
There must be a sponsor and/or co-sponsor for your parents and grandparents to come to Canada. Both the person sponsoring a relative and the person wishing to immigrate to Canada must meet certain requirements.
There are strict income requirements along with being financially responsible for your parents or grandparents. For more information and assistance with bringing your parents or grandparents to Canada and obtaining their permanent residency, please call our office or email us directly to book an appointment.

If you are a Canadian citizen or permanent resident you may be eligible to sponsor your child to Canada in order to obtain their permanent residence, with this status they are entitled attend school and social services.
Under the current law a dependent child is defined as a child under the age of 19. In order to sponsor your child you must fall under the following requirements: reside in Canada, be at least18 years of age and must be financially responsible for the child on arrival.
Apart from a dependent child you may also be eligible to sponsor adopted children, an orphaned child or “other relatives”. There are some exceptions to the rules above in respect to the age of the dependent child and also if the sponsor is a Canadian citizen.
For more information and assistance with these exceptions or with bringing your dependent child to Canada, please call our office or email us directly to book an appointment.

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